Clement-Jones family 12/22 - Person Sheet
Clement-Jones family 12/22 - Person Sheet
NameZachary MACAULAY , 407
FatherRev John MACAULAY , 946 (1720-1789)
MotherMargaret CAMPBELL , 947 (1729-1790)
ChildrenMargaret Alice , 406 (1812-1834)
 Thomas Babington , 809 (1800-1859)
 Selina , 948
 Henry William , 952 (1808-1846)
 Hannah More , 4885 (1810-1873)
 John , 4898
 Charles Zachary , 7291 (1814-1886)
Notes for Zachary MACAULAY
The anti-slavery campaigner. His career was a varied one, managing an estate in Jamaica; being Governor of Sierra Leone, 1793-9; editing the Christian Observer which was concerned with the slave trade, 1802-16; and holding the post of secretary to the African Institute, 1807-12. He helped form the Anti-Slavery Society in 1823.

Journals in the Huntingdon Library.

From Wikipedia

Macaulay was born in Inveraray, Scotland, the son of the Rev. John Macaulay (1720–1789, minister in the Church of Scotland, grandson of Dòmhnall Cam[1], and his mother was Margaret Campbell. He had two brothers, Rev. Aulay Macaulay, scholar and antiquary, and Colin Macaulay, General, slavery abolitionist and campaigner.
Receiving only a rudimentary education, he eventually taught himself Greek and Latin, and read the English classics. Having worked in a merchant’s office in Glasgow, he fell into bad company and began to indulge in excessive drinking.

In late 1784, at the age of sixteen, in order to get his life into some kind of order, Macaulay emigrated to Jamaica, where he worked as an assistant manager at a sugar plantation. He was at first deeply affected by the horrific violence of the slavery which surrounded him, but eventually became hardened to the plight of the slaves (by his own admission “callous and indifferent”). He was a good worker, had successfully moderated his drinking, and proved himself to be a model bookkeeper. He also, eventually, began to take an interest in the slaves and their welfare.

In 1789 Macaulay returned to Britain and secured a position in London. His sister Jean had married Thomas Babington of Rothley Temple, Leicestershire, a country gentleman and ardent evangelical, and soon after Macaulay went to stay with them he began to come under their influence. He underwent what he described as a conversion experience and soon came to know Babington’s associates, among whom were William Wilberforce and Henry Thornton.
[edit]Sierra Leone

Partly because of his experiences in Jamaica, in 1790 Macaulay was invited to visit Sierra Leone, the west African colony founded by the Sierra Leone Company to provide a home for emancipated slaves from the United States who came to Sierra Leone via Nova Scotia.

Returning to the colony in 1792 as one of the council members, he was promoted to governor in 1794, and was the longest serving governor of Freetown during the 1790s. An unpopular governor, Macaulay remained as governor until 1799.

Macaulay married Selina Mills of Bristol (to whom he had been introduced by Hannah More) on 26 August 1799, and they settled in Clapham, Surrey. They had several children, including

Thomas Babington Macaulay the historian, poet and politician .

Hannah More Macaulay (1810 - 1873) who married Sir Charles Trevelyan and was the mother of Sir George Otto Trevelyan


Macaulay became a member of the Society for the Abolition of the Slave Trade, working closely with William Wilberforce, and soon becoming a leading figure in the parliamentary campaign against the slave trade. He later became secretary of the committee, which became known as the African Institution.
His major contribution was to work on the collection and collating of the huge volume of evidence and drafting of reports – a role to which he was ideally suited as a skilled statistician with a meticulous approach and an exceptional head for figures.

He also became a member of the Clapham Sect of evangelical Christian reformers, together with Wilberforce, Henry Thornton and Edward Eliot, and edited their magazine, the Christian Observer, from 1802 to 1816.
In the 1820s Macaulay turned his attention towards securing the total abolition of slavery itself. He helped found the Society for the Mitigation and Gradual Abolition of Slavery (later the Anti-Slavery Society) in 1823, and was editor of its publication, the Anti-Slavery Reporter. Through his incessant hard work and reasoned argument, he helped to lay the foundation for the eventual abolition of slavery throughout the British Empire in 1833.

A fellow of the Royal Society, he was also an active supporter of the British and Foreign Bible Society and the Church Missionary Society.

Last days

After a period of ill health, Macaulay died in London on 13 May 1838. A memorial to him was erected in Westminster Abbey, depicting the figure of a kneeling slave with the motto ‘Am I not a Man and a Brother?’
Last Modified 28 Mar 2011Created 4 Mar 2023 using Reunion for Macintosh